E Liquid Ingredients

E liquid ingredientsWhether your e liquid is commercially manufactured or DIY-
They all share the basic three elements.
Where things generally differ, relate to additional additives and compounds.

We’ll be looking into these in another section-


E Liquid contains the following basic ingredients – (based on averages)


80% – 90% – Propylene Glycol & Glycerol


Nicotine 0% – 5% – Nicotine


capella-drops*8% – 10%Flavorings



2,5 Dimethylpyrazine

0 – 2%  Additional Ingredients – Additives & Compounds

Such as 2,5 Dimethylpyrazine


As we see, E-liquids primarily base is Propylene Glycol (PG) and or Vegetable Glycerin (VG)

Propylene Glycol- is a form of mineral oil, an alcohol produced by fermentation of yeast and carbohydrates.
It functions as a preservative in flavorings. Flavors without PG would not have a long shelf life.
E liquids with a higher PG content are preferred by many vapors as PG enhances flavor, acts as a carrier and provides us throat hit too.

Vegetable glycerin- or glycerol is a clear, odorless liquid produced from plant oils, typically palm oil, soy or coconut oil.
It is considered a more natural, even healthier alternative to PG.
It creates far more vapor than PG and adds some sweetness too.
Some vapers, myself included, get sore throats from higher levels of PG, so we use a base primarily containing VG.

Nicotine- represents a small percentage of overall volume but we understand its significance.
The percentage of nicotine is generally displayed on the bottles and measured in ML or MG.
For example- 16mg is 1.6% nicotine/milliliter.

Those new to vaping or suffering cravings should look toward 24 or 36mg Nicotine.

Flavoring- When it comes to e liquid flavoring, it’s important to think in terms of flavor concentrates as opposed to flavor extracts or oils.
BTW, the majority of flavorings are FDA approved.
(Never use food flavorings from supermarkets as they contain unwanted oils)

* The above Flavor percentages may seem rather low to some.
Flavor percentages vary between manufacturers but there are other factors too.
For example- When mixing DIY, these percentages are often higher, and this is due, at least in part, to a lack of additional ingredients/compounds. It’s also about personal preference and the length of time your liquids are steeped.

Additional Ingredients-

Many e liquids contain some form of additional ingredients.
This is not to say that they represent a concern for the purists at heart, nor are they anything other than what is found in many of our consumables. Yes, some are common in tobacco cigarettes too.

Next we look at DIY & Additional Ingredients –

Charles Chalfant Yates
Thanks for visiting The Table


  1. Matt says

    I am three weeks down and so happy for the change. Saving money and years of life. I am interested in DIY, but the recipes that I have seen are confusing and seem over complicated and often no comment on how good/bad or what they taste like. What are your favourite 5?

    • says


      Nice of you to drop by.
      Congrats on the switch.
      DIY can be confusing but it’s satisfying.
      Describing a flavor is difficult too as it’s all so subjective.

      I started on the Tobacco craze and moved onto desserts and fruits but now I’m back on Tobacco.
      MY Tobacco generally has some subtle, yummy undertones.

      I use a base of 24mg Nicotine that is 30%PG and 70%VG. (Can’t handle much PG)
      For a 10ml bottle-

      Approx. 9 mls of Nic
      1.5% of TFA’s Tobacco Absolute (Short supplies currently)
      1 drop of M Type Tobacco
      5% of English Tobacco
      5-8 drops of Vodka
      5% Smooth
      10 drops WTA
      3 drops of Apple Cider vinegar
      5 drops of brown sugar
      2-3 drops fresh lemon juice

      NOW- Try adding approx. 5% (More for a quick mix- up to 20% depending on manufacturer) of a fruit like Blackberry or Nectarine (marvelous if you get right)

      Then try adding a few drops of a commercially made fruit or dessert type juice into the mix of the first 6 ingredients.
      Try to replicate it by using quality steeped flavors such as Nature’s Flavors or Capella.
      I’m here of you need help.

      • Matt says

        Thank you so much for this – I will give it a go.

        Also, thank you so much for taking the time to develop this site – I linked to it through your excellent comments in other forums.

        With both my wife and I having given up cigarettes multiple times, only to go back, this has been such a different experience.

        I enjoyed reading the myths items – still not sold that nicotine is a carcinogen, but I am getting all the same benefits as when I quit previously without any of the eye scratching, head-aching, bad tempered side effects … and not looking for a cig at all. It took my wife 3 days to convert, I converted on the first day. Neither of us want to ever go back.

        Just magic.


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