E Liquid Ingredients

E liquid ingredientsWhether your e liquid is commercially manufactured or DIY-
They all share the basic three elements.
Where things generally differ, relate to additional additives and compounds.

We’ll be looking into these in another section-


E Liquid contains the following basic ingredients – (based on averages)


80% – 90% – Propylene Glycol & Glycerol


Nicotine 0% – 5% – Nicotine


capella-drops*8% – 10%Flavorings



2,5 Dimethylpyrazine

0 – 2%  Additional Ingredients – Additives & Compounds

Such as 2,5 Dimethylpyrazine


As we see, E-liquids primarily base is Propylene Glycol (PG) and or Vegetable Glycerin (VG)

Propylene Glycol- is a form of mineral oil, an alcohol produced by fermentation of yeast and carbohydrates.
It functions as a preservative in flavorings. Flavors without PG would not have a long shelf life.
E liquids with a higher PG content are preferred by many vapors as PG enhances flavor, acts as a carrier and provides us throat hit too.

Vegetable glycerin- or glycerol is a clear, odorless liquid produced from plant oils, typically palm oil, soy or coconut oil.
It is considered a more natural, even healthier alternative to PG.
It creates far more vapor than PG and adds some sweetness too.
Some vapers, myself included, get sore throats from higher levels of PG, so we use a base primarily containing VG.

Nicotine- represents a small percentage of overall volume but we understand its significance.
The percentage of nicotine is generally displayed on the bottles and measured in ML or MG.
For example- 16mg is 1.6% nicotine/milliliter.

Those new to vaping or suffering cravings should look toward 24 or 36mg Nicotine.

Flavoring- When it comes to e liquid flavoring, it’s important to think in terms of flavor concentrates as opposed to flavor extracts or oils.
BTW, the majority of flavorings are FDA approved.
(Never use food flavorings from supermarkets as they contain unwanted oils)

* The above Flavor percentages may seem rather low to some.
Flavor percentages vary between manufacturers but there are other factors too.
For example- When mixing DIY, these percentages are often higher, and this is due, at least in part, to a lack of additional ingredients/compounds. It’s also about personal preference and the length of time your liquids are steeped.

Additional Ingredients-

Many e liquids contain some form of additional ingredients.
This is not to say that they represent a concern for the purists at heart, nor are they anything other than what is found in many of our consumables. Yes, some are common in tobacco cigarettes too.

Next we look at DIY & Additional Ingredients –

Charles Chalfant
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