Whether your e liquid is commercially manufactured or DIY-
They all share the basic three elements.
Where things generally differ, relate to additional additives and compounds, some of which are not readily available to the general public.
We’ll be looking into these in another section-
The percentages below are based on averages.
E Liquid contains the following basic ingredients -
0% – 5% – Nicotine
As you can see, E-liquids primarily base is Propylene Glycol (PG) or Vegetable Glycerin (VG)
Propylene Glycol- is a form of mineral oil, an alcohol produced by fermentation of yeast and carbohydrates.
It functions as a preservative in flavorings. Flavors without PG would not have a long shelf life.
E liquids with a higher PG content are preferred by many vapors as PG enhances flavor, acts as a carrier and provides us throat hit too.
Vegetable glycerin- or glycerol is a clear, odorless liquid produced from plant oils, typically palm oil, soy or coconut oil.
It is considered a more natural, even healthier alternative to PG.
It creates far more vapor than PG and adds some sweetness too.
Some vapers, myself included, get sore throats from higher levels of PG, so we use a base primarily containing VG.
Personally, I have some misgivings about PG as a whole, but more on that later.
Nicotine represents a small percentage of overall volume but we understand its significance.
The percentage of nicotine is generally displayed on the bottles and measured in ML or MG.
For example- 16mg is 1.6% nicotine/milliliter.
Those new to vaping or suffering cravings should look toward 24 or 36mg Nicotine.
When it comes to Flavorings, remember, it’s important to think in terms of flavor concentrates as opposed to flavor extracts.
BTW, the majority of flavorings are FDA approved.
(Never use food flavorings from supermarkets as they contain unwanted oils)
* The above Flavor percentages may seem rather low to some.
Flavor percentages vary between manufacturers but there are other factors too.
For example- When mixing DIY, these percentages are often higher, and this is due, at least in part, to a lack of additional ingredients and or enhancers. It’s also about personal preference.
Virtually ALL commercial e liquids contain additional ingredients, such as the ones listed below.
This is not to say that they represent a concern for the purists at heart, nor are they anything other than what is found in many of our consumables. Many of these have specific numbers (CAS numbers) before or after. I’ve removed them for clearer representation.
Here are just a few common additives, compounds and ingredients used-
Some of these are used in my DIY and I’m constantly exploring……
Next we look at DIY & Additional Ingredients -
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